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This fascinating and profusely illustrated volume is highly recommended for horse brass collectors and those with an interest in the subject, and would make for a worthy addition to any collection. Many vintage books such as this are becoming increasingly scarce and expensive. We are republishing this volume now in an affordable, high-quality edition complete with a specially commissioned new introduction on horses. Help Centre. Track My Order. My Wishlist Sign In Join. Be the first to write a review. Add to Wishlist.

Ships in 15 business days. They also became a useful form of advertising. But eventually, working horses fell into decline and many of the brasses found their way into public houses. They are used to decorate licensed premises to this day. Research suggests that people began collecting horse brasses in England from around when women started using pierced designs as pin cushions, of all things! People then started to use the brasses as fingerplates on doors and by the collecting of brasses has become a popular pastime with the upper and middle classes.

Today, there remain many collectors of these instantly recognisable decorations and there is even a. Both stamped and cast brasses are still produced and whilst most are collectors pieces or bought as souvenirs, brasses are designed and made for the heavy horses which are bred and shown across the country.

We are very sorry, but the browser you are visting us with is outdated and not complient with our website security. Please upgrade your browser to a modern secure version to view our website. What are Horse Brasses? A type of whip known as a riding crop pictured with a U. A leather cat o' nine tails pictured with a U. S dollar bill for size comparison. A set of romal reins, featuring a quirt at the end of the romal A whip is a tool which was traditionally designed to strike animals or people to aid guidance or exert control over animals or other people, through pain compliance or fear of pain, although in some activities, whips can be used without use of pain, such as an additional pressure aid or visual directional cue in equestrianism.

Whips are generally of two types, either a firm stick designed for direct contact, or a flexible whip that requires a specialized swing to be effective, but has a longer reach and greater force, but may have less precision. There are also whips which combine both a firm stick the stock or handle and a flexible line the lash or thong , such as hunting whips. The majority of whips are designed for use on animals, although whips such as the "cat.

A spade bit A poster illustrating the process of training a spade bit horse The spade bit is a historic vaquero design for a type of curb bit with straight, highly decorated shanks and a mouthpiece that includes a straight bar, a narrow port with a cricket, and a "spoon," a flat, partly rounded plate affixed above the port, supported by braces on either side. Considered a highly technical piece of equipment to be used only on a finished horse, the spade bit is a refined tool that experts compare to driving a sports car in its ability to convey precise commands to the horse.

Not all horses have the conformation or temperament to become a finished spade bit horse, a process that takes a number of years and is seldom complete until a horse has at least five years of training under saddle. Use The spade bit is an elaborate, complex bit that can only be properly used on a highly trained horse handled by a skilled rider.

In the vaquero tradition, its use represents the highest level of trust and communication. A winter turnout blanket with tail cover, suitable for severe weather Blankets are often used when shipping horses, to prevent chills and even out temperature changes, Here, one of the Budweiser Clydesdales is wearing a horse blanket. A horse blanket or rug is a blanket or animal coat intended for keeping a horse or other equine warm or otherwise protected from wind or other elements. They are tailored to fit around a horse's body from chest to rump, with straps crossing underneath the belly to secure the blanket yet allowing the horse to move about freely.

Most have one or two straps that buckle in front, but a few designs have a closed front and must be slipped over a horse's head. Some designs also have small straps that loop lightly around the horse's hind legs to prevent the blanket from slipping sideways. Different weights are made for different wea. Story Rosie and Jim are two rag dolls who live aboard a narrowboat called the Ragdoll, which is from Birmingham. There, they sit with a concertina on their lap, and come alive when no one is looking to explore the world that they pass by on the canal.

They learn to experience things by following the Ragdoll's owner on his or her adventures, and secretly joining in with them. Usually they end up causing trouble, but they are never detected because no one ever sees them. Characters Rosie Rosie puppeteered and voiced by Rebecca Nagan is the female rag doll. In their adventures, she carries a bag that has her name written on it. She wears a yellow dress and has long shaggy black hair. She is oft. Woman riding in a modern English sidesaddle class. Sidesaddle riding is a form of equestrianism that uses a type of saddle which allows a rider usually female to sit aside rather than astride an equine.

Sitting aside dates back to antiquity and developed in European countries in the Middle Ages as a way for women in skirts to ride a horse in a modest fashion while also wearing fine clothing. It has retained a specialty niche even in the modern world. History An early 19th-century English caricature, mocking women who rode astride. The joke is a play on the premise that the lady is looking for the way to "Stretchit". The earliest depictions of women riding with both legs on the same side of the horse can be seen in Greek vases, sculptures, and Celtic stones. Medieval depictions show women seated aside with the horse being led by a man, or seated on a small padded seat a pillion behind a male rider.

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Ninth century depictions show a small footrest, or planchette added to the pillion. A leather "Newmarket headcollar" UK or "stable halter" US for horses A halter or headcollar is headgear that is used to lead or tie up livestock and, occasionally, other animals; it fits behind the ears behind the poll , and around the muzzle. To handle the animal, usually a lead rope is attached. On smaller animals, such as dogs, a leash is attached to the halter. History Horse wearing a nylon web halter US or headcollar.

A show halter on a Murray Grey bull Halters may be as old as the early domestication of animals, and their history is not as well studied as that of the bridle or hackamore. The word "halter" derives from the Germanic words meaning "that by which anything is held.

A halter is used to lead and tie up an animal. Halters are most closely associated with Equidae such as horses, donkeys, and mules.

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However, they are also used on farm animals such as cattle and goats and other wo. A martingale is any of several designs of tack that are used on horses to control head carriage. Martingales may be seen in a wide variety of equestrian disciplines, both riding and driving. Rules for their use vary widely; in some disciplines they are never used, others allow them for schooling but not in judged performance, and some organizations allow certain designs in competition. The two most common types of martingale, the standing and the running, are used to control the horse's head height, and to prevent the horse from throwing its head so high that the rider gets hit in the face by the horse's poll or upper neck.

When a horse's head gets above a desired height, the martingale places pressure on the head so that it becomes more difficult or impossible to raise it higher. The standing martingale The standing martingale. The tiedown The standing martingale, also known as a "tiedown" or a "head check",[1] has a single strap which is attached to the girth, passes between the horse's front legs. Bred and raced by Fred F. Racing career After a successful three-year-old season in , Brass Hat won once in two starts in In he won two of four starts.

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He set a new Gulfstream Park track record of He finished second to Electrocutionist in the March 25th Dubai World Cup but was disqualified after a post-race test revealed trace amounts of the banned drug methyl prednisolone acetate. While owner Fred Bradley did not dispute the positive test, he asserted that the therapeutic medication given the horse 28 days prior to the World Cup was well within the guidelines put out by the Emirates Racing Association.

The disqualific. A hobbled donkey in Sardinia A hobble also, and perhaps earlier, hopple [1] or spancel is a device which prevents or limits the locomotion of an animal, by tethering one or more legs. Although hobbles are most commonly used on horses, they are also sometimes used on other animals. On dogs, they are used especially during force-fetch training to limit the movement of a dog's front paws when training it to stay still. There are various designs for breeding, casting causing a horse or other large animal to lie down with its legs underneath it , and mounting horses.

The History of Horse Brasses

Types Hind leg pull up strap Drovers' and cattle hobbles Western horse hobbles "Western"-style horse hobbles are tied around the pasterns or cannon bones of the horse's front legs. They comprise three basic types: The vaquero or braided hobble, which is often of a quite fancy plaiting and lighter than other varieties, and is therefore only suitable f. M McClellan saddle of the Civil War period, displaying its rawhide seat covering. McClellan, a career Army officer in the U. Army, after his tour of Europe as the member of a military commission charged with studying the latest developments in engineer and cavalry forces including field equipment.

The saddle was used by several other nations, including Rhodesia and Mexico, and to a degree by the British in the Boer War. A curb chain for a western-style bit An English-style curb chain A curb chain, or curb strap, is a piece of horse tack required for proper use on any type of curb bit. It is a flat linked chain or flat strap that runs under the chin groove of the horse, between the bit shank's purchase arms. It has a buckle or hook attachment and English designs have a "fly link" in the middle to hold a lip strap. On English bridles the horse is bridled with the curb chain undone on one side, then connected once on the horse.

On western bridles, the curb chain is kept buckled to both sides of the bit. Action A curb strap on a Western style curb bit A curb chain on a Pelham bit The main use of the curb chain is to enhance and control the lever action of a curb bit. Additionally, it helps to keep the bit steady and in place within the mouth.

On English pelham and double bridles the curb chin is attached by a ring "fly link" UK to a lip strap, which helps keep the lip strap in place while the lip strap in turn. Common tools used for grooming a horse Horse grooming is hygienic care given to a horse, or a process by which the horse's physical appearance is enhanced for horse shows or other types of competition.

Reasons for grooming Grooming is an important part of horse care. Grooming a horse daily allows the handler to check on horse's general health and well-being. At a minimum, horses are generally groomed before being worked, and are usually groomed and cleaned up after a workout as well. A horse wearing a traditional Australian Stock Saddle Traditional design Australian stock saddle Half breed saddle with modern 4 bar irons Top view The Australian Stock Saddle is a saddle in popular use all over the world for activities that require long hours in the saddle and a secure seat.

The saddle is suitable for cattle work, starting young horses, everyday pleasure riding, trail riding, endurance riding, polocrosse and is also used in Australian campdrafting competitions and stockman challenges. The traditional Australian stock saddle was designed for security and comfort in the saddle no matter how harsh the conditions. While having stylistic roots from the English saddle in the design of the seat, panels, fenders, and stirrups, it has a much deeper seat, higher cantle, and knee pads in the front to create a very secure saddle for riders who ride in rough conditions or spend long hours on a horse.

The saddle is kept on with a girth attached to billets under the flaps, similar to those on. This horse wears a tongue-tie, the yellow object seen by the mouth. Tongue tie visible below the bit on California Chrome A tongue-tie is a piece of equipment used by equestrians to prevent a horse from getting its tongue over the bit, which would make the animal very difficult to control.

It is usually a strip of cloth or rubber, passed through the mouth and tied below the chin. Tongue ties are illegal in competitive events such as most horse show disciplines, but very common in other sports, such as horse racing. The device is controversial in some circles where its use considered abusive. However, due to the life or death safety and control issues inherent in certain extreme equestrian sports, such as horse racing, it is considered by its proponents as a necessary tool for some animals.

Sometimes it is viewed as necessary to prevent the horse's tongue from moving, either to move the bit out of position, rendering it ineffective, or to keep the tongue from obstructing the airway if the horse puts its t. A hipposandal on display at the Musee d'Ermont, France Schematics of the hipposandal Hipposandal, on display at Vidy Roman Museum The hipposandal Latin soleae ferreae [1] is a device that protected the hoof of a horse. It was commonplace in the northwestern countries of the Roman Empire,[1][2][3] and was a predecessor to the horseshoe.

The necessity of protecting the horse hoof was recognised by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and written about by Xenophon. Gradually, protection items started to appear, first with the soleae Sparteae, a sort of leather hoof boot, later improved into the soleae ferreae that featured metal studded soles similar to contemporary military boots.

The Brass Monkey of Stanthorpe, Queensland, a place known for its "brass monkey weather", complete with a set of balls The phrase "cold enough to freeze the balls off or on a brass monkey" is a colloquial expression used by some English speakers.

The reference to the testes as the term balls is commonly understood to mean of the brass monkey appears to be a 20th-century variant on the expression, prefigured by a range of references to other body parts, especially the nose and tail. History During the 19th and 20th centuries, small monkeys cast from the alloy brass were very common tourist souvenirs from China and Japan. These monkeys were often cast with all three in a single piece. In other sets they were made singly. Although three was the usual number, some sets of monkeys added a fourth, with its hand covering its genitals.

Old brass monkeys. Simple horse twitch A twitch is a device that is used to restrain horses for various stressful situations, such as veterinary treatment. It is believed that a twitch calms the horse by releasing endorphins as pressure is applied, thus reducing stress and pain. Another design, sometimes called a "humane" twitch, is a plier-like clamp that squeezes the lip with motion akin to that seen in a nutcracker.

The aluminium screw twitch is yet another form of twitch. How the twitch works The upper lip of the horse is grasped and the loop of chain or rope is placed around it, then the handle of the twitch is twisted until the loop is firmly around the lip. A wooden handled twitch has the disadvantage that it requires a handler and the handle may injure the horse handler if the horse throws its head.

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Other twitches may be attached to the ha. A lash cinch with metal hook. In the field of animal packing, a lash cinch is the piece of tack used optionally on a pack animal to further secure a load onto a pack saddle. It is designed to be used in conjunction with a long rope, which should be securely knotted onto the metal ring. The purpose of the "hook" is to be used as an anchor to further tie the rope through, while being easy to remove so as to allow release of the cinch without having to thread rope. See also Diamond hitch Pack saddle. A show Friesian horse wearing a surcingle.

A surcingle is a strap made of leather or leather-like synthetic materials such as nylon or neoprene, sometimes with elastic, that fastens around the horse's girth. A surcingle may be used for ground training, some types of in-hand exhibition, and over a saddle or horse pack to stabilize the rider's weight. It also is a primary component of a horse harness.

A basic surcingle is unpadded, attaches around the horse by means of buckles or rings, and has no other hardware. A training surcingle, sometimes called a "roller," has many extra rings attached, running from the ribcage up to the withers area.

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It usually has padding to relieve pressure on the horse's spine. A variation of this design is used for equestrian vaulting. Uses A simple surcingle over a horse racing saddle Detail of a training surcingle or "roller" Many trainers first teach a young horse to accept girth pressure by strapping on a surcingle before a saddle and girth. The surcingle is commonly.

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Crupper attached to the back of a saddle A crupper [1] occ. Construction Antique Japanese cruppers designed for saddles The crupper consists of a loop the crupper itself and an adjustable strap crupper strap or back strap that connects the crupper to back of a riding saddle or the other parts of a harness. The strap runs from the horse's dock, over the croup, to the saddle or to the back band sometimes called the saddle of a harness. The crupper may be sewn to its strap, or attached to the strap by one or two buckles.

If the crupper has no buckle, then the skirt of the horse's tail is folded up onto the tailbone and the tailbone is slipped through the crupper. If it has buckles, the crupper is unbuc. A western-style show saddle with silver decoration Western saddles are used for western riding and are the saddles used on working horses on cattle ranches throughout the United States, particularly in the west. They are the "cowboy" saddles familiar to movie viewers, rodeo fans, and those who have gone on trail rides at guest ranches.

This saddle was designed to provide security and comfort to the rider when spending long hours on a horse, traveling over rugged terrain.

60 Centuries of Copper: The Old Horse-Brasses

The design of the Western saddle derives from the saddles of the Mexican vaqueros—the early horse trainers and cattle handlers of Mexico and the American Southwest. It was developed for the purpose of working cattle across vast areas, and came from a combination of the saddles used in the two main styles of horseback riding then practiced in Spain—la jineta, the Moorish style which allowed great freedom of movement to the horse; and la estradiota, later la brida, the jousting style, which provided great security to the rider and strong cont.

A good example of a horse wearing an improperly fitted bosal-style hackamore, The Bosal should be snug around the muzzle. Mecate wraps determine how snug or loose the bosal is. A horse wearing a bosal hackamore with a fiador. A hackamore is a type of animal headgear which does not have a bit. Instead, it has a special type of noseband that works on pressure points on the face, nose, and chin.

It is most commonly associated with certain styles of riding horses. Hackamores are most often seen in western riding and other styles of riding derived from Spanish traditions, and are occasionally seen in some English riding disciplines such as show jumping and the stadium phase of eventing.

Various hackamore designs are also popular for endurance riding. While usually used to start young horses, they are often seen on mature horses with dental issues that make bit use painful, and on horses with mouth or tongue injuries that would be aggravated by a bit.